Bhaktapur city

History of Bhaktapur City

Bhaktapur was founded by King Ananda Malla in the 12th century. Bhaktapur was the capital city of the Mallas. The Malla Kingdom was in rule until the 15th century. Bhaktapur was an independent kingdom from the 12th century until the 18th century.

Some of the Mallas kings that rules on Bhaktapur were Jitamitra Malla, Bhupatindra Malla, and Ranjit Malla. These kings played a vital role to build and protect the independent Bhaktapur Kingdom. These rulers build many unique palaces and pagoda-style temples at Bhaktapur.

Great King Prithvi Narayan Shah, the descendent of King Dravya Shah who was the founder of the Gorkha Kingdom, began a conquest in the Kathmandu Valley. He started capturing the Kathmandu valley and unify Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur District and all other small districts in one rule in 1744 AD.

Bhaktapur, the city of devotees.  Bhaktapur is one of the royal city in the Kathmandu valley. It is the smallest district of Nepal. It is located 20 KM east to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. Bhaktapur is an open museum. It has gems in the Durbar square. It is listed as UNESCO in the world heritage site. Bhaktapur is founded on 12 th century by King Ananda Mall but it was only in the 18th century that Bhaktapur took its present shapes. Bhaktapur has an area of just 6.88 square kilometers. and It is 1,401 meters above sea level.

Background and Introduction of Bhaktapur city

Bhaktapur is the capital city of Malla Kingdom till 15th the century. Many Malla kings rule over Bhaktapur in ancient era. Some of the Malla kings that rule over Bhaktapur are Ananda Malla, Bhaupatendra Malla, Jay Prakash Malla.

It is filled with unique palaces, temples, monuments, terra-cotta with carved wood, stones, clays and metals. There are lots of ancient people that work on woods, stones, and metals. Shilpakar gives arts on wood, Shilakar works on stones, Prajapati makes arts on clay.

Bhaktapur is also known as Nepal’s Gems. It is a city of culture and the “Living Heritage”. Bhaktapur is famous for its elegant art, ancient lifestyle, and culture. There are many templates that have pagoda styles. Nyatapola (5 stories temple), Bhairab Temple, Dattatraya Temple, etc are the famous temples. Golden gate, 55 windows palace, Royal Bath, etc are the famous palaces to visit.

Many ponds, pati and pawas, etc are present on Bhaktapur since ancient times. Different square is also present in Bhaktapur. Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Taumadi Square, Pottery Square, Dattatraya Square, etc are the famous squares of Bhaktapur. Siddha Pokhari, Bhajya Pukhu, Na: Pukhu, Kamal Pokhari, Tekha pukhu, etc are the famous ponds of Bhaktapur.

Bhaktapur is surrounded by high hills around the city. Changu Narayan temple, Nagarkot, Suryabinayak, etc are the nearby hills for trekking. Ganesh Himal, Gauri sankar Himalayan range and Makalu Himal can be seen from Bhaktapur.

All the months of the year are full of festivals and Jatras. not a single month is left behind without celebrating the festivals and feasts. Some of the Jatras and festivals celebrated on Bhaktapur are Biska Jatra, Siti Nakha, Ghanta Karna, Gai Jatra Indra Jatra, Dashain, Tihar, Holi, etc.

Note: Ju Ju Dhau is the most famous in Bhaktapur. Ju Ju Dhau (the famous king curd/king yogurt) is the most famous and delicious curd. It is the rich taste among the curd.

You might be interested in:
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
The Golden Gate of Bhaktapur Durbar Square
55 Windows palace of Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Dattatraya Temple of Bhaktapur
Nyatapola Temple of Bhaktapur
Bhairab Nath Temple
Wakupati Narayan Temple of Bhaktapur
Changunarayan Temple of Bhaktapur
Siddha Pokhari of Bhaktapur

Related: The Bhaktapur City | The World Heritage Site by UNESCO


4 thoughts on “History of Bhaktapur City

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